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General John J. Pershing letters

Identifier: MS 0161
Finding aid note: Stored onsite at the Woodson Research Center.

Scope and Contents

Letters written by General Pershing on both personal and official business. Correspondents include Earl of Derby, Mrs. Kingsley Ohl, Hon. Louis C. Crampton, Dr. Clarence J. Owens, Mrs. James C. Frazer, General Calcer C. Sniften, Reverend Alton M. Young, Lieutenant Col. George Grosman, Col. Hugh J. Gallagher, John A. Stewart, Josephine Patten, Paul Maerker Branden, and Mr. Wheeler.


  • Creation: 1917 - 1936


Access Restrictions

This material is open for research.

Conditions Governing Access

Stored onsite at the Woodson Research Center.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish from the General John J. Pershing letters, 1917-1936, MS 161, must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Biographical Note

John J. Pershing was born September 13, 1860 in Laclede, Missouri. Having graduated from West Point Military Academy in 1886, he fought in the United States military in the Spanish-American War and several Indian Wars. He also served as brigadier general in the Philippines from 1906-1913 and led the attack against Mexican rebel Pancho Villa in 1916. Early in his military career, he served with a black regiment, giving him the nickname Black Jack. For a time, he also taught at West Point.

In 1917 when the United States declared war on Germany, Pershing was chosen to command the American troops in Europe. Pershing can claim two significant victories: the attack on the German's Saint-Mihiel line of defense and the Meuse-Argonne operations, a month after which the Armistice was signed.

Upon returning to the United States, he was given the rank of general of the American armies. For three more years he served in the military as chief of staff until his retirement in 1921.

General John Joseph Pershing passed away on July 15, 1948 in Washington D.C.


0.1 Linear Feet (1 folder)

Language of Materials



Letters written by General Pershing on both personal and official business.

Acquisition Information



The abbreviations included included in the list of letters have the following meanings: ALS = handwritten letter, signed by the author and TLS = typewritten letter, signed by the author.

Guide to the General John J. Pershing letters, 1917-1936
Maggie Kean
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Repository Details

Part of the Woodson Research Center, Rice University, Houston, Texas Repository

Fondren Library MS-44, Rice University
6100 Main St.
Houston Texas 77005 USA