The Rice Honor System was created by Rice Institute students in 1916. It is comprised of current Rice undergraduate and graduate students. The Council reviews cases and decides appropriate penalties. "The purpose of the Honor System is to allow maximum freedom for students, undergraduate and graduate, in the completion of all academic work and to ensure the integrity of the work. When students accept this freedom and trust, they are placed on their honor by the group neither to cheat on any assignment nor to violate the trust placed in them in any way. Students demonstrate their responsibilities to their fellow students under the Honor System when they can pledge, in good conscience, that their work is their own and that they have neither witnessed nor suspect violations by others." (Article 1 Section 1 of Honor Council constitution, http://honor.blogs.rice.edu/files/2011/03/Constitution-2011.pdf). For more information, see http://honor.rice.edu/.