This material is open for research. Stored onsite at the Woodson Research Center in small manuscript collections.
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish material from the Abolición de la esclavitud collection must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.
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Biographical / Historical
Abolition of slavery was initiated in Mexico by the Spanish government, who abolished the practice throughout the empire in 1818. Like many other states which engaged in slavery, the full process of emancipation for the country took many years. The First Republic of Mexico issued a decree of abolition in 1829, but regions including Texas resisted, reclassifying enslaved people as "indentured servants for life". On April 5, 1837, the general Congress of the Mexican Republic issued a further decree, abolishing "without exception all slavery in all the Republic.” The decree also provided compensation for enslavers’ losses on a case-by-case basis: with the exception of settlers in Texas, who had seceded and later joined the United States as an enslaving state.