Scope and Contents
One box of convention materials, newsletters, directories, and event materials documents some of the activities Carolyn Litowich participated in during her time as a member of B'nai B'rith Youth Organization/B'nai B'rith Girls in the 1950's.
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish material from the Carolyn Litowich (BBG) Papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.
The Woodson Research Center use policy is that researchers assume sole responsibility for any infringement of privacy, literary rights, copyrights, or other rights arising from their use of the archival materials. In addition to any restrictions placed by donors, certain kinds of archival materials are restricted for the life of the creator plus 50 years. These materials include, but are not limited to, student grades, transcripts, and any job applications or recommendations.
Biographical / Historical
Abe Litowich was born in Lithuania February 5, 1890, to Elijah and Jennie Litowich. The family immigrated to the Unites States in 1907. Corinne Keller was born in Houston August 7, 1898, to Jacob and Blanche Keller. Abe and Corinne married in 1922 and had two children, Jacqueline Blanche and Carolyn Mathilde. Carolyn was born July 20, 1929 and grew up in Houston. She graduated from San Jacinto High School in 1945 and went on to attend the University of Houston. Carolyn graduated from U of H in 1950 with a degree in photography.
B'nai B'rith Youth Organization:
In 1923, a group of Jewish boys in Omaha, Nebraska, organized a fraternity and named it the "Aleph Zadik Aleph," using Hebrew letters in the style of Greek fraternities, which often excluded Jews. The group elected Abe Baboir as their first president and chose a local chemist, Nathan Mnookin, to be their first advisor. The startup fraternity was mostly a local social group until Mnookin moved to Kansas City bringing AZA with him, and leaving Omaha without an advisor.
Without an advisor in place, the Omaha chapter asked Sam Beber to join them. He accepted the post under one condition: he told the young men that he envisioned the creation of an organization of Jewish fraternities that would stretch beyond the United States to encompass the entire world. On May 3, 1924, Mother Chapter AZA #1 was chartered, a Supreme Advisory Council was established naming Sam Beber as the Grand President and Nathan Mnookin as the Grand Vice President, and the Grand Order of the Aleph Zadik Aleph came into existence. This milestone is their fraternity’s Founders Day and is celebrated around the world.
In 1925, under Sam Beber and Henry Monsky’s leadership, B’nai B’rith adopted AZA as it’s primary youth program, and then quickly set out to launch a sister program for young women. By 1927, AZA became a truly international Order with the establishment of First International AZA #31 in Calgary, Alberta and in December, Rose Mauser organized the first permanent chapter of what would become the B’nai B’rith Girls in San Francisco, CA. Mattie Olcovich and Essie Solomon served as the first advisors.
As BBG programming grew in popularity, they gained support from the B’nai B’rith Women (then also known as B’nai B’rith Auxiliaries). The BBG of today came to be because of the dedication and hard work of Anita Perlman, the Chairwoman of the B’nai B’rith Girls. In Perlman’s first year she developed invaluable program resources, introduced a formal structure, and chartered the first official B’nai B’rith Girls chapters.
The B’nai B’rith Girls - with chapters San Francisco BBG #1, Oakland, CA #2, Linda Strauss, Los Angeles #3, Harrisburg, PA #4, Highland Park, LA #5, Worcester, MA #6, Lancaster, PA #7, Ramah, Chicago #8, Potsville #9, and Homestead, PA #10 - was officially established as an international Order on April 22, 1944. This milestone is their sorority’s Founders Day.