Skip to main content

Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers

 Collection
Identifier: MS 125
Finding aid note: Stored on-site at the Woodson Research Center.

Scope and Contents

The letters of H.H. Wilson consist of 21 autograph letters with 7 drafts for the letters. In addition, a letter of January 3-4, 1864, is preserved in an undated newspaper clipping, and there is a letter of 1874 written to Mrs. Wilson on the death of her child by Betty M. McLeod. With the exception of one letter, written in 1868, all of Wilson's letters cover the period from 1862-1864.

Many of the letters are courtship letters. They contain much information on the aspirations and attitudes of people in South Carolina whose wealth was based on the stolen labor of enslaved people . In addition, Wilson pays special attention to hospitals and medicine, schools, and cemeteries. Some material is contained in the letters which pertains to camp life and the military. Much of the material concerns the problem of conscription.

Dates

  • 1862 - 1868

Creator

Access Restrictions

This material is open for research.

Conditions Governing Access

Stored onsite at the Woodson Research Center.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.

Biographical Note

Hugh H. Wilson was a resident of Sumter District, South Carolina. He enslaved multiple people and used their stolen labor to run a farm. In the summer of 1862 he began to court Mary Grier (or, at least, one letter has a pencilled-in notation by the name "Mrs. Grier": "Our grandmother"), a resident of Cheraw. In October, Mary and Hugh were married.

In the meantime, Hugh Wilson was searching for a safe position in the South Carolina army. Concerned with various possibilities of the Conscription Act and its Exemption Bill, Wilson sought a position either in medical or commissary work. Exploiting a family connection with the Witherspoon family, he finally became quartermaster sergeant on the staff of Col. James H. Witherspoon, 8th Regiment of the South Carolina Reserves, assigned to coastal defense.

That Wilson survived the war is attested by a letter written in 1868. An oblique reference in a letter written in 1874 seems to indicate he was living in that year. The course of his subsequent life is unknown.

Extent

0.1 Linear Feet

Language of Materials

English

Abstract:

Many of these letters are courtship letters to Wilson's future wife, Mary Grier, containing information on the aspirations and attitudes of people in South Carolina whose wealth was based on the stolen labor of enslaved people during the U.S. Civil War period. Wilson also relays information about hospitals, medicine, schools, cemteries, camp life and the military, and the issue of conscription.

Arrangement

Letters are in chronological order. In cases in which a draft letter is also present, the draft is filed after the letter, and in the listing is indicated by a "d" after the date.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mrs. Hardin Craig, Jr. (granddaughter of Wilson), 1956.

Correspondence Index

Antietam, Battle of 1862
1862, 9-25
Artillery Batteries n.d.
Benbow, Col. C.S.A.
1862, 9-11
Bleeding (Medical procedure)
1862, 9-11
Blockade of civilian traffic 2
186, 9-11
Camp Hampton
1866, 12-5
Camp life
Casualties
Cavalry
1863,6-23
Cemeteries
Charleston Mercury
1868, 7-3
Chesterfield Academy
1862, 8-22
Church Services (Presbyterian)
1862, 10-23
Cider
1862, 9-11
Civilian desertion of countryside on CSA occupation
1863, 5-22
Coit's Battery
5-22
Colzy, Sam 1862
Commissary Department (C.S.A.)
Conscription
Conscript Law (in South Carolina)
Conscript Law (Exemption Bill)
Cooper, Eli
1862, 7-11
Cooperation between Confederate and state government
Corinth, Battle of 1862
1862, 8-22
Cotton
Cox, Mrs. from Masiou
1863, 6-23
Crane, Dr. and Mrs. 1862
Crane, [Elizabeth] "Lizzie"
1862, 8-22
Deserters (C.S.A.) executed
n.d.
Dick, J.H.
1862, 7-11
Edgeworth Seminary
1862, 7-21
8th Regiment South Carolina Reserves
1862, 8-22 and n.d.
English, T.R., Rev.
1862, 10-23
Family connections
1862, 6-30
Foreigners, attitudes toward
1862, 9-20
Furlough
1863, 5-22
Friendship
1862, 7-11
Gilmer, Congressman
1862, 7-21
Grier, Mrs.
n.d.
Hollywood Cemetary
Hospitals
Human Nature
1862, 8-29
Jenkins, Micah Gen. C.S.A.
1862, 9-11
Jews
1862, 10-10
Joint stock companies
[K]no[w]-nothing Party
1862, 7-21
LaCaste, Miller
LaC[a]ste, Sam
1862, 8-6
Lee, Stephen Dill (?) Col. C.S.A.
1862, 7-11
Mayes, William (Dr.)
McBride, James
1862, 7-21
McCutcheon, George
1862, 9-8
Medical personnel
Methodist College
1862, 7-21
Mills, Mr. (H.H.W.'s neighbor)
Mills, Anderson
Mills, William
Molloy, T.
1862, 8-6
Montgomery, Mrs. (H.H.W.'s sister)
Montgomery, John
1862, 10-15
Montgomery, Sue (H.H.W.'s niece)
Moore, Hannah
1862, 9-25
Morehead, Governor
1862, 7-21
Moses, F.J. Col. C.S.A.
1862, 7-21
Mount Pleasant, S.C.
n.d.
Mount Zion, S.C.
1862, 8-22
Music
1862, 9-25
Negro Slaves
Newspapers
Passports, internal
Plantation management
n.d.
Planter's Cotton Bank
1862, 8-6
Potatoes
1862, 12-5
Powder mills
1862, 8-6
Prices cloth
Prisoners, Confederate
1862, 8-22
Railroads
Reserves, South Carolina
Rice
1862, 10-10
Rich and poor, conflict between
1862, 10-10
Richmond Cemetary
1862, 7-21
Richmond General Hospital
1862, 7-21
Roberts, Lt. Col. C.S.A.
1862, 9-11
Rutledge, Col. C.S.A.
n.d.
Sanduskey, Ohio
1862, 8-22
Sasnasky (sic.), Madam, High School of 1862
1862, 9-20
Savannah, Georgia
1862, 9-20
School-mates
1862, 9-20
Schools
Scott, Mrs. (H.H.W.'s sister)
Scott, John (H.H.W.'s nephew)
Scott, May (H.H.W.'s niece)
Scudder, "Sissie" 1862
"Second Revolution"
1862, 7-21
Servants (free)
1868, 7-3
Shaw, Dwight
1862, 9-8
Shaw, Mary
1862, 8-22
Sicknesses
Smythe, Bob
1862, 9-20
South Carolina, invasion of, 1861
1862, 9-11
Sullivan Island, South Carolina
n.d.
Sumter Gazette
1862, 9-8
Supply wagons
1862, 12-5
Taxes and tarriffs
1862, 7-21
Teachers (and Professors)
Telegraph
1862, 9-8
Thornwell, Dr. and Mrs.
V[arun], James
Virginia Campaign (1862)
1862, 9-11
Walker, William S. Gen. C.S.A.
n.d.
Whilden, Maj. C.S.A.
1862, 9-11
White's Battery
1863, 6-23
Wilson, Dr.
1863, 6-23
Wilson, Clara
1862, 10-23
Wilson, Moultri
n.d.
Wilson, R.E.
1862, 9-8
Wilson, W.W.
1862, 10-23
Witherspoon, Capt. C.S.A.
1862, 9-20
Witherspoon, A.J., Rev.
1862, 8-22
Witherspoon, Dunham, from Yorkville 1862
1862, 9-20
Witherspoon, James H. Col. C.S.A.
Witherspoon, J[ohn] E.
Word's Battery
1863, 6-23
Worley Battery
1863, 6-23
Title
Guide to the Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers, 1862-1868
Status
Completed
Author
John Fowler, 1978
Date
2008
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
English

Repository Details

Part of the Woodson Research Center, Rice University, Houston, Texas Repository

Contact:
Fondren Library MS-44, Rice University
6100 Main St.
Houston Texas 77005 USA