John Campbell letters: folder 2, 1856-1879
Scope and Contents
The box containing letters is divided into four categories: (1) letters from Anson Jones to John Campbell, 1845-1850; (2) letters either to or from James Campbell, 1833-1863; (3) a folder containing letters exchanged within the Campbell family, 1832-1906; and (4) three folders containing letters either to or from John Campbell, written to or received from correspondents outside the family circle, 1832-1906.
The small, six item, collection of letters from Dr. Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, to John Campbell all relate to personal business arrangements which existed between the two men. Public affairs, either of Texas or of the United States, are nowhere mentioned except implicitly in that some of the construction work in which Campbell was involved was to be carried out on public buildings in Washington-on-the Brazos. The final letter of 8 July 1850 particularly reveals the personal nature of this correspondence.
The thirty (30) item James Campbell sub-collection, spanning the years 1833-1863, is of note on two accounts. First, many items in this group are written to John Campbell from his brother or nephew (the precise nature of this relationship remains unknown) James Campbell in Ireland, during the period from the 1830's to the 1850's. A recurring theme of this correspondence is the possibility of James following in his relative's wake and immigrating to America. Eventually he did, and a second reason to note this group of letters is for the ones from the American Civil War. It is not known when James Campbell arrived in the United States but it is certain that he did so in time to participate in the war of 1861-65. James Campbell fought as a Confederate soldier in Company D of the 4th Texas Regiment in John Bell Hood's famous brigade. His numerous letters to his wife in Seguin from the battle lines make illuminating reading. The final letter to Mrs. Martha Campbell is dated 28 May 1863 although it is not known whether or not James Campbell survived the conflict.
The third sub-division of the John Campbell collection, letters exchanged within the family group, comprises some sixty-six (66) items.
Most, but by no means all, of these letters are addressed to John Campbell of Seguin, Texas, and they come, most notably from, a brother, Rev. J. N(eal) Campbell in New York and later Canada; Campbell's relatives in Ireland, including Joseph, Daniel, Patrick (nephews) and Mable (niece) Friel; Thomas Campbell, John's father; John Campbell's brother or nephew (it may be that John had both a nephew and a brother each named James); and, a letter from John Campbell's wife Conzuela (?), There are many other pieces in this folder from many disparate branches of the Campbell clan. Usually they relate to mundane affairs of health or the weather, crop prices or the frequency of correspondence, but often the subject of immigration is broached, usually as John Campbell exhorts his family to come to Texas.
This sub-collection covers the long period from 1832-1906, although John Campbell was almost certainly dead by this latter date, given his probable birth-date of 1809 or 1810.
Finally the three folders of John Campbell correspondence, (1) 1832-1855; (2) 1856-1879; (3) 1880-1906, comprise altogether some 108 pieces. There are letters either to or from Campbell from outside the family and they cover a wide range of topics usually relating to Campbell's farming business in Seguin, Texas. Some are personal missives from friends and acquaintances, some are official letters or circulars about the payment of taxes and land assessment; there is even a begging letter from an old family friend in Ireland who had heard of Campbell's good fortune in Texas. For the greater part, however, these letters pertain to business and financial aspects of John Campbell's life after settling in Texas as a farmer, such as the buying and selling of land, livestock, provisions, lending and borrowing money, legal problems of wills and deeds, and keeping farm accounts.
The Documents are divided chronologically into three periods: (1) up to 1846; (2) 1847-1865; (3) 1866-1910. There are also three additional, separate folders containing some records of the Campbell farm accounts (7 items); a folder of empty envelopes (dating across the period and may match some of the correspondence) and postal cards (53 items); and a small folder of Confederate money bills (12 items). The document collection consists of bills, agreements, promissory notes, receipts, official forms and notices, tax dockets, and various types of accounts and financial records. Also included is a book of songs dated 1836.
Conditions Governing Access
From the Collection: 1.25 Linear Feet (3 boxes)
Language of Materials
From the Collection: English